RTI act has always been a vital tool for the social reformers In India and Helping Human considers this cell as the basic cell to exercise the rights of countrymen and to raise the issues. Right to Information (RTI) is act of the Parliament of India to provide for setting out the practical regime of the right to information for citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002. Under the provisions of the Act, any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerize their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally.
The redressal forums are available in India such as State and Central Information Commission if the information sought has not been made available to the activist.
- RTI is a Fundamental Right (FR) guaranteed under Part 3, Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India.
- Further it is a Constitutional Right (CR), as all FR are constitutional rights but not vice versa. Example: Article 300A – Right to Property is a CR but not FR. It was once a FR under Article 19(1)(f) which was omitted by 44th Constitutional Amendment Act 1978.
- Going further it is a Legal Right (LR) as all CR are LR but not vice versa. Example: Right to Vote is a LR under Section 62(1) of Representation of People Act 1951 but not CR.
So RTI is a FR, a CR and a LR. RTI act 2005 is merely a statutorily sanctioned procedure to exercise FR to Information under Article 19(1)(a).